Tier 1 PBIS

Tier 2 PBIS | Tier 3 PBIS

Tier 1 supports are also known as universal supports. These supports are available to all students, and they serve as the foundation to build upon for tiers 2 and 3 in a Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS).

Interventions included in tier 1 are the guiding principles for behavior expectations school wide, which continue to be supported in the classrooms. These principles provide guidelines to teachers on how to increase and maintain positive behaviors as well as how to respond to challenging behavior and prevent future problems for about 75-90% of the students. These principles also reflect school culture, and support school climate and Social Emotional Learning (SEL).

Schoolwide norms, routines, and procedures become the core focus of this tier as well as reinforcement for students when they engage in expected behaviors. These norms are developed collaboratively with stakeholders and create a common language for the entire school community. They provide guidance to all school members on expected behaviors in the different school environments and reflect the values of each individual school. Having a strong Tier 1 in place will allow schools to identify students who require additional support, more accurately.

The following are core principles guiding Tier 1 External link opens in new window or tab.:

  • Effectively teach appropriate behavior to all children.
  • Intervene early before unwanted behaviors escalate.
  • Use research-based, scientifically validated interventions whenever possible.
  • Monitor student progress.
  • Use data to make decisions.


Interventions and Strategies

Responding to Challenging Behavior