What are Behavior Contracts?
Behavior contracts are a negotiated agreement between the adult/teacher and student. The focus is on increasing positive behaviors the teacher wants to see in the classroom by providing daily pre-correction, prompting, and reinforcement of desired behaviors.
Both parties (teacher and student) benefit from the use of a behavior contract: the teacher, by seeing an increase in desired behavior and the student, by earning a reinforcer based on demonstration of desired behavior.
Components of a Behavior Contract
There are several key components that should be included in a behavior contract, including:
- Discussion and agreement on the desired behaviors and the reinforcers, to ensure all parties agree
- Description of the desired and expected behaviors to be performed
- Goal statement specifying by when and under what conditions reinforcer will be earned
- Identification of the reinforcer(s) to be earned (i.e., The Pay-Off)
- Signatures from all parties involved
- Teacher pre-corrects and prompts student on daily basis using the behavior contract
Effective Behavior Contracts
Ineffective Behavior Contracts
Adapted from Diana Browning Wright and Clayton Cook Power Point presented at the PENT Forum.